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Headache can suddenly appear from nowhere. In an instant, you still feel excellent and the very next moment you feel like your head might explode. But what causes headache and what can you do about it? You can find useful information here:

Is headache always headache?
Headaches are often caused by dilated blood vessels of the head, but they can also occur, for example, due to lack of fluid or strain of the neck muscles. There are various types of headaches.

What causes headaches?

Headaches can occur for a variety of reasons. Some of the most common triggers are:

  • Incorrect posture
  • Stress
  • Dehydration
  • Weather changes
  • Fatigue
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Strong odors

Are all headaches the same?

Headache usually does not indicate serious illness, but you should consult a doctor if your headache:

  • occurs as a result of a head injury
  • together with eye or earaches
  • together with fever, behavioral changes, memory disturbances, trembling, loss of consciousness, a stiff neck, drowsiness, indifference, nausea or rashes
  • suddenly and very violently
  • Stop and / or return frequently over a long period of time

Different types of headaches

Tension headache27
Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. They generally feel like a tight band of pain around your head.

It might surprise you to learn that a source of tension headaches is tender muscles in the head and neck when you are stressed or tired. When these muscles become tense, the pain travels up to your head and you feel it as a headache.
There are a range of triggers for tension type headaches, such as; stress, poor posture, bright lights and loud noises.

Migraine headache27
For many sufferers migraine is a real burden and restricting their quality of life. A typical migraine pain feels like a throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of your head. You may also experience nausea and sensitivity to light, and even get visual problems such as flashing lights or zigzag lines.
It’s not fully understood what causes a migraine, but temporary changes in blood vessels and chemicals in the brain may be a factor. Genetics may also play a role as some migraine sufferers also have a close relative with the condition.

Individual migraine triggers can vary. Stress, tiredness, environmental factors such as bright lights, tastes or odors and hormone changes might lead to a migraine episode.

Cluster headache27
Cluster headaches occur as a “cluster” or group of several short pain episodes per day. Sufferers report 1-3 sudden headaches per day over a period of several weeks or months. The attacks are usually sudden and the pain felt is generally severe and felt behind your eye or sometimes on one side of your head.

Interestingly, the cause and mechanisms of the occurrence of cluster headaches is not fully understood yet.

Cluster headaches can be triggered by certain factors as extreme environmental changes e.g. increase in temperature or strong-smelling substances.

How can you prevent headaches?
Above all, you need to determine what causes your headaches. A "diary" might help you to find out about your personal headache triggers. Always take it with you and note what you do, what you eat or drink and when and under what conditions headaches have occurred.
After a while you should be able to determine the possible causes of your headaches. As soon as you are aware of these causes, you can take steps against them.

Other ways to prevent headaches are:

  • Breathing and relaxing exercises to relieve stress
  • regular physical exercise, e.g. sports
  • enough sleep
  • Regular five-minute breaks at work and generous fresh air supply when working on the computer all day
  • no excessive alcohol and / or tobacco consumption
  • drink enough water

How can you treat headaches?

The following measures might provide help:

  • Relax regularly
  • Loosen the neck muscles and the shoulders
  • Facial massages with or without essential oils
  • Pain-relieving drugs, such as Ibuprofen. The active ingredient Ibuprofen is very popular because of its anti-inflammatory effect even in migraine, the so-called "inflammatory headache".

Brufen acts directly at the source of pain5,8,14,15:
Brufen belongs to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Thus, painkillers or antiphlogistics (inflammatory inhibitors) are described which treat the symptoms of inflammatory processes, such as pain and swelling, but are not derived from cortisone.

The effect of Brufen is due to an inhibition of prostaglandins16,17. They can cause pain, fever and inflammation. If no prostaglandins are produced, pain, fever and inflammation disappear. While drugs such as paracetamol reduce the transmission of pain to the brain, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen act directly and are targeted towards the affected tissue16,17. The actual causes of pain such as inflammatory processes are combated on the spot18. In other words: Brufen with its active ingredient ibuprofen works right at the source of pain. It also fights the inflammation in the inflamed tissue.

Ibuprofen is a so-called "acidic" painkiller (based on its pH value), because of its acidic nature, it penetrates well into the inflamed tissue12.

Brufen acts fast:
When you or maybe your child is in pain, you may be seeking fast and effective relief. Brufen combats pain quickly. The active substance is rapidly absorbed into the blood and the symptoms such as toothache or headache improve noticeably after 15 minutes6,11.

Brufen acts for up to 8 hours:
Pain can be stressful and can thus affect everyday life. It is generally expected that a pain killer can help relieve pain, at least for a day. Brufen with the active ingredient Ibuprofen can reduce symptoms and up to 8 hours15,23,24.

When should you see your physician?
If the symptoms do not improve or last longer than three days, consult a physician. It is also necessary to seek medical advice with frequently recurrent headache symptoms.

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